Step 4. Informed decision making and policy design
Robust incident data collection and analysis can allow senior management to make strategic and policy-level decisions. These decisions may include:
- In which countries to operate
- Security strategies to prioritise (acceptance, protection, or deterrence)
- Ways to communicate about programs to beneficiaries donors the public and other stakeholders
- When to use incident information for advocacy purposes.
Incident data can evidence:
- Violence against aid workers
- Disruption of aid
- Humanitarian access restrictions
- Violence against or challenges faced by local populations.
This information can lead to policy activities related to:
- Improving humanitarian access
- The protection of aid workers
- Adherence to international humanitarian law
- Raising awareness of operational constraints and security issues with donors stakeholders and other actors
- Seeking justice for victims of breaches of criminal humanitarian or human rights law.
Individuals or specific cases should never be exposed for the purpose of making a political point. Collective data reduces this risk through anonymity in numbers.
Chapter 2, Objective 4 – Strategic decision making, 4.2 Analysis of trends to inform strategic decision-making, 4.3 Organisational structures to discuss strategic security issues & 4.4 How to use incident information on sexual violence at a strategic level. Consult SIIM Handbook, pages 57, 61 & 62.